Skoda 720

 

A unique political reasons unrealized cars Czechoslovak history remembers several. One of the most distinctive tracks left a series Škoda 720 , which should “shove” in his pocket and major players of the Western market – Alfa Romeo, BMW, Renault or Volkswagen.

Why do 720 originated or rather should arise? In 1964 came on the market a number of 1000 megabytes , in 1969, then modernized version of Skoda 100. But it was not enough. She wanted to break into the upper floors, he has my flagship. And so, in the mid-sixties was decided to construct the car with the classic concept – front engine and rear-wheel drive. Already in 1965 they created the first sketches a vision of the new Skoda will have bodywork coupe, sedan and station wagon. In 1966 he was the first mock-up of ÚVMV , and in 1967 was made the first functional sample.

This “sample” created body Ing. Josef Brokeš , a body builder AZNP Kvasiny. He also designed the maquette, which was compared with a dummy ÚVMV designer Milana Strejčka (the very first scale model of the new “big” Skoda Spring 1966). But thanks to the dummy variously converted to a station wagon, sedan and hatchback car, eventually won Brokešův proposal.

spring of 1967 So the first prototype rolled out. However, the body was not nearly as elegant as the mock-up. It was a five-door hatchback with an engine capacity of 1.5 liter OHV and four cylinders. Maximum engine power was 82 hp and a top speed of 144 km / h. The length was the prototype of 4404 mm. After heavy testing has been well evaluated engine and chassis, while the body completely failed. She did not have sufficient rigidity and suffered large deformation. That is why this prototype was eventually rejected.

And so came the next stage of finding a suitable “shell”. The second attempt was responsible Ing. Jan Žáček . He constructed the sedan, coupe and station wagon . The car had extensive glazing and thus guarantee a great view in all directions. Unfortunately, again not fully succeeded design, especially the front grille was too complicated. The first prototype was passed in the spring of 1968. It was a silver sedan with an ignition patnáctistovkou. As another prototype was supplied red sedan 1.25 liter engine. Mentioned first sedan served until 1971 and during that time he drove about 65,000 km. In the same year, the same portions kilometers then served as a red sedan. They say all good things come in threes, and so was in 1968 finished third green sedan with equipment De Luxe and engine capacity of 1.5 liters. Then a pupil has designed and constructed a green estate car with the engine 1.5 liters and red coupe with the same unit. At the instigation Ing. Stanislava Sajdla carmaker in 1969 entered into negotiations with the study of Italian design and definite shapes then arose here.

At the beginning of September rolled out for testing the first prototype s body by Giugiaro known as W 720 ID-1 . Despite a few minor shortcomings, this body marked as satisfactory and in 1970 graduated from the prototype around 60,000 kilometers. Under the hood, the engine at 5/1 power of 84 hp at 5300 rev / min. ID-1 had a length 4373 mm, width 1653 mm and height 1465 mm. Even in 1969 planned start automobile series production in 1973. Giugiaro then designed and rework station wagon and coupe, which is now called fastback.

The technique of the car with bodywork from Giugiaro cared mainly these three designers – Ing. Ivan Roček, Ing. František Fidrmuc (motoráři) and Ing. František Uhlíř. To begin with, allowed for the two versions ( Damage Damage 1250 and 1500 ) and three bodywork (sedan, coupe and wagon or fastback). Basic price model should be about 35 000 crowns .

Unique was especially motor . This was coupled with the gearbox completely manufactured in Mlada Boleslav and be able to gradually increase its folding volume and thus get higher performance. Basic version 1250 should have an engine with a volume of 1.25 liter at 66 horsepower, with which the attainable maximum speed of about 136 km / h, acceleration to 100 km / h in about 24.2 seconds and a consumption in the range 11.3 to 13.3 liters / 100 km stronger 1500 would have been fitted patnáctistovkou performance 87 hp, the maximum speed is about 152 km / h, acceleration to 100 km / h took about 18 , 8 seconds, and the consumption amount to about 11.8 liters / 100 km.

According to the document 1970 However, it is 720 W, mainly due to rising normalization, looked pale. Everything culminated April 18, 1971 when mladoboleslavští were asked to cooperate with the Germans on the car in the class up to 1100 cc. It was also decided to move the project 720nm Slovakia, especially in Bratislava and local BAZ (Bratislava car races). The BAZ, however, were for the production of such cars ready, and so the result was not mass production, but only other building prototypes – 720 Standard and 720 De Luxe . November 30, 1972, the government adopted a resolution that is in Bratislava, Mlada Boleslav will produce only cars developed with the cooperation with the GDR. Project 720 and finally breathed his last.

And breathed his last and hope that it could Skoda equal to western cars BMW and Alfa Romeo. Who knows what was the real cause. Lack of money (the sum total of the project was estimated at 720 37,372,870 CSK), resolution, or just the fact that the 720 was better than the Soviet Žigulíky and Volga?

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Source: wikipedia.org, google.com, Paper forgotten Skoda cars from 1960 to 1990, author Jan Tucek